Malaria

Malaria is a life-threatening disease transmitted by mosquito parasite from person to person. When an infective mosquito bites that transmit malaria parasites to the victim who falls ill.

Other mosquitoes acquire the parasite from the infected person and continue spreading the disease from biting others.

The first signs of malaria are usually fever, headache. Malaria can also cause a variety of symptoms, and as a result is easily confused with other common diseases.

Malaria Causes Disease

Malaria is caused by the parasite of the genus Plasmodium and is transmitted from person to person by Anopheles mosquitoes. The sprozoites or malaria parasites are first taken up by mosquitoes infected human blood and is passed to another human being with another mosquito bites the same.

These malaria parasites do not cause havoc when they enter the body.

They travel through the bloodstream and lodge themselves first in the liver of the person who will mature and eventually travel around the person’s body by infecting the cells of the blood entering the liver.
When the parasite begins to infiltrate and destroy red blood cells of the human being is living, multiplies and infects more and more blood cells.

Another mosquito may bite an infected person and pass this to another person where the cycle starts again and so on.

Symptoms Of The Disease Of Malaria

An infected person has symptoms begin 10 days to 4 weeks after being bitten by a mosquito of malaria with HIV. Malaria often produces flu-like symptoms, including:

  • Fever
  • Shaking chills
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Fatigue
Other symptoms may include fatigue, nausea and vomiting. The latency period can last for weeks or months. The disease has a tendency to relapse and is characterized by enlargement of the spleen and secondary anemia.However, in some cases, the above symptoms may not appear. Since the infection of any kind leads to fever during an epidemic, it is best to test all the fever of malaria in a laboratory under a microscope.

Treatment Of Malaria Disease

Antimalarial drugs can be prescribed to people traveling to areas where malaria is prevalent. It is important to see your health care provider well before your departure, because treatment may begin up to 2 weeks before entering the area and continue for a month after leaving the area.

The types of antimalarial drugs prescribed depends on the patterns of drug resistance in the areas visited.

According to the CDC, travelers going to South America, Africa, Indian subcontinent, Asia and South Pacific should take one of the following drugs: mefloquine, doxycycline, chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, or Malarone.

Malarone is a relatively new drug against malaria in the U.S. and is a combination of atovaquone and proguanil. May be recommended in the drugs mentioned, depending on your destination and the possibility of mefloquine resistance.

It is very important to know the countries and areas that are visiting to obtain appropriate preventive support for malaria.

Malaria is an infection of the blood that is carried from person to person by mosquitoes. The disease has been recognized for thousands of years and once was found almost everywhere except in the most northern areas of the world.